Landfill Mining and Its Tremendous Potential

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An average American dumps 4.4 pounds of waste a day, and it is estimated that the U.S. produces 7.6 billion tons of industrial waste every year. Additionally, for more than 100 years, the entire world’s unwanted waste has been discarded in the land. As the trash inside landfills decomposes, it releases methane gas, which contributes to global warming and climate change. Moreover, landfills also cause negative vegetation changes because of the degraded quality of the soil.

With such visible threatening consequences of waste disposal in landfills, doing nothing is no longer an option. To reduce the impact of this waste management technique on the environment, a few practices are followed, such as:

Achieving landfill density: Heavy municipal and industrial waste is compacted using heavy trash compactors to reduce the size of the trash and achieve high waste density. This reduces the landfill area drastically.

Separating hazardous and non-hazardous wastes: This includes separating hazardous waste from the landfill content based on ignitability, reactivity, corrosiveness and toxicity. It reduces the impact on soil and vegetation.

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