Takeaways:

  • Before the Vikings arrived in Iceland more than a millennium ago, over 40% of the island was covered in birch forests and other woodlands. Unfortunately, Vikings began chopping down and burning these forests to use the timber and to clear land for farming practices and grazing pastures.
  • The country is working towards regrowing their forests and have been planting millions of non-native spruce, pine and larch trees and of course the traditional Iceland birch for more than 100 years.
  • In most recent years, Iceland has added as many as 3 million new trees annually.

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