Machu Picchu, which means “Old Mountain” in the Quechua language indigenous to the area, is at the top of a lush mountain and was built during the reign of the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438-1471). It lies around 100 kilometers (60 miles) from the Andean city of Cusco, the old Inca capital in southeastern Peru. It was rediscovered in 1911 by the American explorer Hiram Bingham. UNESCO declared it a World Heritage Site in 1983. When Machu Picchu was rediscovered over 100 years ago, it was called the “Lost City” because the jungle had swallowed it, which protected it from being destroyed during the Spanish conquest. When the forestation was removed, the ruins were revealed. According to the site’s official website, some scientists believe Machu Picchu was used as an astronomical observatory, indicated by the Intihuatana stone that indicates two equinoxes a year. Due to natural composition and extensive usage of the land, the area is at risk of mudslides due to heavy rainfall in winter and forest fires in summer. In 2017, the government imposed limitations on how many tourists are allowed to visit the site. Now Peru limited visitor numbers to just 6,000 a day in two waves, […]

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.